Espacio Memoria y Derechos Humanos ex Esma

Espacio Memoria y Derechos Humanos ex Esma

星期三
下午12:00 - 下午5:00
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下午12:00 - 下午5:00
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下午12:00 - 下午5:00
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下午12:00 - 下午5:00
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下午12:00 - 下午5:00
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4.5
269 則評論
非常好
164
非常好
71
一般
18
6
糟透了
10

Zetaks
巴拿馬博卡斯德爾托羅190 則投稿
2022年11月
Un lugar para visitar y para concientizar no solo a esta generación si no a las generaciones siguientes para que nunca más estos hechos anti-democráticos y violaciones a los derechos humanos sucedan en nuestros gobiernos.
Todo los espacios relatan con gran claridad y detalle, los horribles sucesos que se llevaron a cabo para silenciar a los opositores.
發表日期:2022年11月27日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

Luis C
9 則投稿
2022年11月
En la Ex Esma (Espacio Memoria y Derechos Humanos) funciona el Centro Cultural de la Memoria Haroldo Conti, donde entre otras actividades, se ofrecen espectáculos teatrales.
發表日期:2022年11月3日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

Irlantilainen
芬蘭卡亞尼381 則投稿
2022年3月
Que pena que este barbarie aún existe en lugares como Siria y tierra Palestina bajo control militar israelí.

¿Nunca más? No. Una y otra vez.

5-10 minutos a pie de la estación Rivadavia, Linea Mittre.
發表日期:2022年3月30日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

Queen J
加利福尼亞2,117 則投稿
2020年1月
The history of the site . . .

The ESMA center is the site where the military dictatorship, La Junta, silenced all opposition to the regime. In March of 1976, the Argentine President Isabel Perón was overthrown by a military coup d'etat, and replaced with a three-man military junta. The new regime called itself the “Process of National Reorganization,” or “Proceso,” and summarily closed the National Congress, imposed censorship, banned trade unions, and brought state and municipal government under military control.

A "Dirty War" of terrorism was launched against the Argentinian people, abducting thousands of suspected dissidents: left-wing socialists, social justice crusaders, students, outspoken intellectuals, journalists, labor organizers, and any opposition - real or perceived - and sending them to detention and interrogation centers (now the ESMA museum), where the victims were tortured, killed, and never seen again. All records and evidence of the identities of the victims were destroyed, and the bodies were dumped in mass graves or dropped from airplanes over the sea.

It is estimated that up to 30,000 victims "disappeared" during the Junta's reign of terror from 1976-1983. These people came to be known as “the disappeared,” or "desaparecidos.” But rumors about torture centers and "death flights" began circulating among the people and soon distraught mothers, searching for answers, began to gather in protest.

The Madres de la Plaza (Mothers of May Square) began marching around the Plaza de Mayo, wearing handkerchiefs with their children’s names embroidered on them, chanting statements about the immorality of torture without trial, and demanding answers about where their missing children were.

The peaceful demonstrations of the mothers were the first examples of voices being raised against the violent injustices of the regime, and the growing number of mothers and handkerchiefs were a powerful testament to the government's illegal and brutal actions. The mothers were the only proof that the disappeared victims had existed, and they would not let the desaparecidos be forgotten.

The marches began in 1977 and continued weekly despite government threats and the subsequent abduction and murder of many of the protest's leaders. Eventually, the movement began to draw international attention and support from human rights groups. The demonstrations have continued every Thursday afternoon to the present day in an effort to remember the "disappeared", and to continue to fight for the truth about what happened to their loved ones.

Our visit to ESMA . . .

My friend and I were running behind schedule and arrived at the complex about 4:30pm, which was not enough time because visitors first check in at the main building in front, which is just an information booth where they give you a map, explain the grounds, and explain how to get to the actual museum building. Then it takes about 10 minutes to walk across the grounds to the museum closer to the back of the complex. They were getting ready to lock up the museum as we arrived, so we only got to ask questions about the museum procedures. We didn't get to tour it.

Entrance to the museum is free, and it's open from 10am to 5pm, but the English guided tour is given at 3pm. Visitors can self-tour it with an audioguide app, but you have to download it to your phone and use your own earbuds. There are also QR codes next to the displays if you want to pick and choose which parts of the presentation to listen to. Most tours and displays are in Spanish.

**Although we didn't get to tour the ESMA museum in Buenos Aires, we did later visit
Palacio Fuentes, a palace-turned modern museum in Rosario with an extensive
section on "The Dirty War" including letters, timelines, video clips, explanations,
and videos of citizen opinion, reflections, and testimonials.

Even though the museum building closed, we were told we could still self-tour the grounds which stay open until 9 or 10pm. Outside, the narrow dirt roads were lined with several display signs, each with the picture and biography of one of the "disappeared" victims. These displays were both informative and moving because they put a face on the tragedy, bringing it into sharper focus, and driving home the reality of these unbelievably grisly acts of violence.


The ambience of the outdoor complex . . .

Of the several hundred torture centers, ESMA was the most notorious – the Auschwitz of the Argentine death camps. I felt the dark, steely eyes of a lookout tower follow me grimly as I walked the grounds. Abandoned buildings slumped dolefully behind their hastily boarded up windows. Buzzing faintly, an old metal street lamp flickered over a narrow, empty road, reminiscent of an Auschwitz street lamp looming over a corridor lined with barbed wire.

Unsettled by disturbing images that kept springing to mind, I glanced around, and realized no one else was on site. The presence of evil was surreal, almost perceptible. The echoes of gruesome acts of brutality lingered in the shadows, and an eerie chill seeped through my skin. Soggy leaves drifted across the road, carried by the whispers of dark secrets and unspeakable deeds. The stain of tortured screams, ruthless savagery, and cries for mercy hovered oppressively in the air.


My reflection . . .

Despite the somber emotional toll of a visit to ESMA, I highly recommend you go and walk the grounds where thousands of people suffered at the hands of an unchecked terrorist regime. We should never forget the atrocities of history lest they repeat.

Walking around this disturbing torture complex was a profound experience and a powerful reminder of how a collective voice CAN be heard above the static of fear.

I pity the grieving families who persist in the search for truth and the hope of closure.

Getting there . . .

This site is a bit far from central Buenos Aires (13km from Recoleta / Palermo).

20 - 30 min by taxi / Uber (depending on traffic)

55 minutes by Subte / walking:
20min ride on Subte (metro) Green Line D to the last stop, Congreso de Tucman.
+ 35 minute walk to ESMA (2.5km)

30minutes by Subte / taxi:
20min ride on Subte (metro) Green Line D to the last stop, Congreso de Tucman.
+ 8 minute taxi to ESMA. (2.5km)

In sum, this site is worth the time it takes to stray a little further from the beaten path. Immerse yourself in history and reflection.

Hope that helps! Enjoy Buenos Aires!
發表日期:2020年4月5日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

Maria D
巴西貝洛哈里桑塔70 則投稿
2020年2月
Recomendo realizar tanto a visita guiada do Recorrido histórico, que é realizada na parte externa dos prédios que compõem a ex-ESMA, como a visita ao Memorial.
發表日期:2020年3月5日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

Philip W
麻省(麻薩諸塞州)波士頓13 則投稿
2020年2月
We weren't sure we would go here, and I am grateful that we did. With an undecorated honesty one rarely finds in museums, this Espacio Memoria does indeed register the horrors of late 20th-century politics in Argentina. You come away from its grounds with the faces and the voices of the tortured locked in your mind; you see their mementos scratched on the walls. We were almost the only ones there, the day we went, and we felt quietly overwhelmed by the experience.
發表日期:2020年2月24日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

latestfilly
West Yorkshire193 則投稿
2020年2月
This museum is quite out of the way in Buenos Aires, i got a taxi (radio taxi - as this firm will not rip you off), it took 30 minutes from our hotel in Suipacha and it cost 300 pesos (~£3.50) and I easily flagged the same taxi company by the side of the road on the way back.

I went on a Saturday at 3pm for the English speaking guided tour (there is also one on a Sunday) - aim to arrive at least 2.50pm because there is a little walk from the main building to this museum and when you arrive you will be given maps etc. The entrance to the museum and guided tour are all free.

The guided tour was excellent, the man that gave it spoke excellent English and gave a very interesting a moving tour around the building where people were held captive. The building is still being used today as evidence as trials are still ongoing so you are not allowed to touch any walls and special walkways have been put down to stop people walking on the original floors.

You can go around the museum by yourself but you need a phone with internet to download the app and your own headphones but i found the guide to be excellent (free WiFi is also available on site).

This museum demonstrates a very sad part of Argentina's history and is something that visitors must see so that what was in the past is not forgotten, nor repeated.

An excellent museum and one I highly recommend. There is also a museum on the Falkland Islands also in the complex but it is all in Spanish, no English translations.
發表日期:2020年2月12日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

Blackfields
Grosseto, Italia1,519 則投稿
2020年2月
Ci ero arrivato preparato e documentato , per vedere con i miei occhi la storia recente e brutale di questo paese. E' abbastanza fuori mano , e risiede nel complesso della ex scuola della marina militare , un' aera abbastanza grande e composta di divesi edifici che furono testimoni delle prigionie e torture della gente durante il regime di Videla.
L'ingresso è anonimo , odore di urina , un tavolo con due persone che se ne fregano di chi sei , nessuna indicazione , cartello , persona che ti aiuta. Giri perso per gli edifici , entri , qualcuno ti guarda e borbotta che non è il posto giusto. Esci continui a girare alla cieca, entri in un altro edifcio e ti dicono che serve la guida , ma adesso sono uffici e non si entra. RIesci , giri , fa caldo , nessuna indicazione qualcuno passa e ti guarda , gente seduta qua e la che parlotta , operai , chiedi , si alzano le spalle.
Britta testimonianza della memoria , proprio un brutto tributo. Brutto modo di onorare e rappresentare chi non c'è più.
發表日期:2020年2月10日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

Angie T
南非Umhlanga37 則投稿
2020年2月 • 好友旅行
Why is so little written about the atrocities that the military and navy carried out between 1976 and 1983? I myself knew very little but was aware of the kidnapping/ disappearance of thousands of young people during the junta rule Please go and visit this museum and tell at least one person about it . The torture is similar to that suffered in other countries - South Africa / The holocaust etc
We had a wonderful 2 hour guide in English today ( 2/2/20) and it was a real eye opener of the torture and suffering of so many young people. Fir example, Young pregnant women were slowed to give birth in captivity , but their children removed on the pretence of being sent to relatives , instead given up fir adoption to fellow Childress officers or the rich
The visit around the building is well described, mostly I. Spanish but there are guided tours and audio in English
發表日期:2020年2月1日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

rene d
荷蘭Doetinchem119 則投稿
2020年1月 • 夫妻情侶
Absolute aanrader. Helaas heeft Argentinië ook zwarte bladzijden in de geschiedenis.toegang is gratis met Engelstalige gids. Gids was echt perfect . Zeer indrukwekkend rondleiding van ongeveer 2 uur.
發表日期:2020年1月18日
這則評論是 Tripadvisor 會員的主觀意見,而非 Tripadvisor LLC。 Tripadvisor 會檢查評論。

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